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I am continuing here with basic identification characteristics of some plant families commonly found in farming…

Umbelliferae or Apiaceae family

Includes carrots, cilantro, fennel, celery, parsley, parsnip, cumin, caraway seeds…

Seed: striated

Cilantro seeds – Source: http://www.coolgarden.me/cilantro-coriander-in-the-kitchen-garden-1412/

Black cumin seeds – Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumin

 Cotyledon (embryonic leaves): elongated leaves

fennel – Source: http://whereplantsrule.blogspot.com/2010/11/two-weeks-after-planting.html

Two cotyledon carrot leaves and one true leaf – http://www.lagardenblog.com/2014/03/cotyledons.html

Flower: cluster of small flowers called ‘umbel’, in the shape of an ‘umbrella’
Hence the family name ‘Umbelliferae’

wild parsnip umbel – Source: http://nyis.info/index.php?action=invasive_detail&id=61

caraway flowers – Source: http://gernot-katzers-spice-pages.com/engl/Caru_car.html

 

Amaranthaceae family

Includes amaranth, spinach, swiss chard, beet, quinoa, lamb’s quarter, huauzontle…

Seed: some come in cluster. Tend to grow on stem directly

Beet seeds come in cluster – Source: https://www.quickcrop.co.uk/learning/plant/beetroot

Swiss chard seeds – Source: http://windyacresnaturalfarm.blogspot.com/2013_07_01_archive.html

Cotyledon: sometimes red stem, red streak

Spinach – http://wintergreensatunh.blogspot.com/2012/07/germination-cotyledons-and-true-leaves.html#.WIJJwlMrLcs

beets – https://greenlifeinsocal.com/tag/squash/

Flower: Grow on stems, in clusters

Amaranth flowers – Source: http://flowerinfo.org/amaranth-flowers

Quinoa flowers – Source: https://rischmoller.wordpress.com/2012/02/10/quinoa-the-incan-superfood/

 

Solanaceae family

Includes tomato, eggplant, tomatillo, pepper, ground cherry/golden berry, gooseberry, potato, tobacco, nightshade…

Seed: tend to be flat and roundish/bean-like shape.

Sweet pepper seeds – Source: http://indoorgardeningclub.com/product/giant-marconi-hybrid-sweet-pepper-seeds-capsicum-annuum-0-2-grams-approx-30-gardening-seeds-vegetable-garden-seed/

Potato seeds – Source: http://www.doublehelixfarms.com/true-potato-seed-TPS

Cotyledon: pointy tips

tomato cotyledons and first true leaves – Souce: https://myurbanfarmscape.com/tag/seed-starting/

Nightshade – Souce: http://www.flora-west-europa.eu/mobile/plante.php?lg=en&nompl=solanum-nigrum

Flower: 5 even petals

Tobacco flowers – Source: http://www.tobaccoworld.org/tobacco-flowers/

eggplant – Source: http://fineartamerica.com/featured/1-eggplant-flower-alfred-ng.html

 

Cucurbitaceae family

Includes cucumber, squash, gourd, melon, watermelon, zucchini, pumpkin…

Seed: flat and drop-like shape

Zucchini seeds – Source: http://patioofpots.blogspot.com/2013/04/grow-zucchini-in-container.html

Cucumber seeds – Source: http://www.awesomecuisine.com/recipes/7163/cucumber-seed-halwa.html

Cotyledon: ovale leaves, no stem

Cucumber – Source: https://extension.entm.purdue.edu/veg/insectID.php

Watermelon – Source: https://seminolecropnews.wordpress.com/2013/03/

Flower: 5 pointy sepals (the green part enclosing the petals) & 5 ‘wrinkly’ petals

closed squash flowers, that allow to see well the 5 sepals that carry the petals – Source: http://www.harvesttotable.com/2012/08/squash-blossoms-sauteed-or-deep-fried/

melon flower – Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/91255324@N00/368906950

 

Happy farming!